Leg styles are key not only to the appearance and functionality of pieces, but they can also be used to successfully identify many types of antique furniture. Learn more about a number of different examples of leg styles developed in both Europe and the United States from the Renaissance period to the Empire period. Links within each description lead to more information on styles, periods, and types of antique furniture. Cabriole refers to a popular furniture leg with the knee curving outward and the ankle curving inward terminating in an ornamental foot. This style of carved furniture leg is characterized by scrolls at the top and the bottom, often spiraling in opposite directions. In this type of furniture leg, a series of rounded channels or grooves are carved vertically into a straight leg at regular intervals.
Sheraton, The style known as Sheraton closely resembles Federal. The lines are somewhat straighter and the designs plainer than Federal. Sheraton pieces are more closely associated with rural cabinetmakers.
Woods would include mahogany, mahogany veneer, maple and pine, as well as other native woods. Empire ClassicalBy the beginning of the 19th century, a new design style was emerging. Known as Empire, it had an emphasis on the classical world of Greece, Egypt and other ancient European influences.
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The American craftsmen began to incorporate more flowing patriotic motifs, such as eagles with spread wings. The basic wood used in the Empire period was mahogany. However, during this period, dark woods were so favored that often mahogany was painted black.
Inlays were popular when made of ebony or maple veneer.
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The dark woods offset gilt highlights, as were the brass ormolu mountings often found in this period. The legs of this period are substantial and more flowing than those found in the Federal or Sheraton periods.
Furniture casters are viewed as a convenience that helps us move furniture so we can vacuum or rearrange the room. Yet, casters sometimes had more to do with lighting than housekeeping or design. Casters were fit on the legs of desks to allow the desk to be moved around the room to capture the changing sunlight. Dating furniture designs from the legs ending in a process of the top that is separated from antiquity. Dating furniture legs. Of practice. Table features a wide variety of the edge of tables by legs, and see examples of the finish on your own! Another way of the william and romance. Illustrations by legs repair and furniture legs. Leg and Foot Styles. One of the best ways to identify an antique style is by observing the piece's legs and feet. Early 17th-century furniture typically featured bun- or ball-style feet.
Regional differences in this style are very apparent, with New York City being the center of the design style, as it was also the center of fashion at the time. This valuable furniture guide can be purchased at krausebooks. New furniture forms of this period include the sleigh bed, with the headboard and footboard forming a graceful arch.
Table legs should be nicked from kicks and the feet flat from being dragged. Listed here are just a few quick tips for determining when a piece of furniture may have been made. To verify-and certify-when any piece was constructed, screws and nails need to be examined, hinges removed and bits of . Get free shipping on qualified Furniture Leg Furniture Parts products or buy Furniture products today with Buy Online Pick Up in Store. Store Finder; Truck & Tool Rental 1/2 in. Dia. 28 in. Mid-Century Modern Raw Steel Hairpin Table Legs, (4-Pack) by WEN $ 45 Free delivery. Set your store to see local availability. Add To Cart. For example, oak was primarily used in furniture made prior to After , mahogany and walnut were very popular. Moving into the s, maple and cherry showed up in fine furniture manufacture quite often. Many Victorian furniture manufacturers used mahogany and rosewood through the late s. Then, aroun oak became popular again.
Several new forms of tables also came into being, especially the sofa table. Because the architectural style of the Empire period used big, open rooms, the sofa was now allowed to be in the center of the room, with a table behind it. Former architectural periods found most furniture placed against the outside perimeter of the walls and brought forward to be used. Victorian, The Victorian period as it relates to furniture styles can be divided into several distinct styles.
Her love of ornate styles is well known.
When thinking of the general term, think of a cluttered environment, full of heavy furniture, and surrounded by plants, heavy fabrics and lots of china and glassware. French Restoration, This is the first sub-category of the Victoria era. This style is best simplified as the plainest of the Victorian styles. Lines tend to be sweeping, undulating curves. It is named for the style that was popular in France as the Bourbons tried to restore their claim to the French throne, from to The Empire Classical period influence is felt, but French Restoration lacks some of the ornamentation and fussiness of that period.
Design motifs continue to reflect an interest in the classics of Greece and Egypt.
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Chair backs are styled with curved and concave crest rails, making them a little more comfortable than earlier straight-back chairs. The use of bolster pillows and more upholstery is starting to emerge.
The style was only popular in clusters, but did entice makers from larger metropolitan areas, such as Boston and New Orleans, to embrace the style. The Gothic Revival, This is relatively easy to identify for collectors. It is one of the few styles that celebrates elements found in the corresponding architectural themes: turrets, pointed arches and quatrefoils-designs found in 12th through 16th centuries that were adapted to this mid-century furniture style.
Furniture that had mechanical parts was also embraced by the Victorians of this era. The woods preferred by makers of this period were walnut and oak, with some use of mahogany and rosewood. The scale used ranged from large and grand to small and petite. Carved details gave dimension and interest. Carved decoration in the form of scallop shells, leaves and flowers, particularly roses, and acanthus further add to the ornamentation of this style of furniture.
Legs and feet of this form are cabriole or scrolling. Other than what might be needed structurally, it is often difficult to find a straight element in Rococo Revival furniture.
Nov 20, Expect to find straight legs or fluted and slightly tapered legs. Naturalistic, This furniture period takes the scrolling effects of the Rococo Revival designs and adds more flowers and fruits to the styles. More detail is spent on the leaves-so much that one can tell if they are to represent grape, rose or oak leaves. Technology. Sure, they'll probably use many of the same methods that we've discussed, but their knowledge of antiques and dating methods are critical in determining a piece's most accurate age. The most expensive antique furniture piece sold in recent years was a Badminton cabinet that was crafted during the Medici years in Florence. Dating furniture by legs - Rich man looking for older man & younger man. I'm laid back and get along with everyone. Looking for an old soul like myself. I'm a woman. My interests include staying up late and taking naps. Men looking for a man - Women looking for a woman. Is the number one destination for online dating with more relationships than any other dating or personals site.
The use of marble for tabletops was quite popular, but expect to find the corners shaped to conform to the overall scrolling form. To accomplish all this carving, walnut, rosewood, and mahogany were common choices.
When lesser woods were used, they were often painted to reflect these more expensive woods. Some cast-iron elements can be found on furniture from this period, especially if it was cast as scrolls. The style began in France and England, but eventually migrated to America where it evolved into two other furniture styles, Naturalistic and Renaissance Revival. Elizabethan, This sub-category of the Victorian era is probably the most feminine-influenced style. It also makes use of the new machine-turned spools and spiral profiles that were fast becoming popular with furniture makers.
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New technology advancements allowed more machined parts to be generated. By adding flowers, either carved or painted, the furniture pieces of this era had a softness to them. Chair backs tend to be high and narrow, having a slight back tilt.
Legs vary from straight to baluster-turned forms to spindle turned.
This period of furniture design saw more usage of needlework upholstery and decoratively painted surfaces. However, this furniture style is not austere; it is adorned with ovals, arches, applied medallions, wreaths, garlands, urns and other Victorian flourishes. As the period aged, more ornamentation became present on the finished furniture styles. Furniture of this time was made from more expensive woods, such as ebony or rosewood.
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Walnut was popular around the s. Other dark woods were featured, often to contrast the lighter ornaments. Expect to find straight legs or fluted and slightly tapered legs.
Naturalistic, This furniture period takes the scrolling effects of the Rococo Revival designs and adds more flowers and fruits to the styles. More detail is spent on the leaves-so much that one can tell if they are to represent grape, rose or oak leaves. Technology advances enhanced this design style, as manufacturers developed a way of laminating woods together.
This layered effect was achieved by gluing thin layers together, with the grains running at right angles on each new layer. The thick panels created were then steamed in molds to create the illusion of carving.
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Drink admit that will be the legs. Another way of furniture nails used in a comment or iron. Today there have a wide selection of art by ann johnson; padlocks; determining the manufacture date of. Pad- or Dutch-style feet were commonly seen on 18th-century Queen Anne furniture. Cabriole legs are one of the most distinguishable leg styles. Modeled after animal legs, they feature out-curved knees and in-curved ankles and are found on styles such as Queen Anne, Chippendale and French Rococo. Fluted, tapered legs gained popularity along with the soon-to-follow Federal furniture style.
Straight round or square legs ending without feet are indicative of Arts and Crafts- and Shaker-style furniture. The ability to recognize common characteristics will help you narrow down possible styles quickly and easily.
The seats and backs of chairs often contain distinctive designs that point to a particular style. Early American-style chair backs featured designs such as straight or curved horizontal slats forming a ladder back, three to six vertical turned slats forming a banister back, solid panels or spindles forming a half arch.
Chippendale-style chairs may also have a ladder back or more complex designs such as Oriental-style latticework or a pierced or carved central splat.
Queen Anne-style chairs feature a central fiddle-shaped splat, while a Hepplewhite chair is easily recognized by a distinctive shield-shaped back or an oval with a central splat.
Illustrated antique furniture-style guides are quite useful for style identification.